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HISTORY OF CIRCLE BAKOTE
Kohsaristan


A SHORT HISTORY OF CIRCLE BAKOTE

Qazi Mohammad Obaidullah Alvi 05

WRITEN BY MOHAMMED OBAIDULLAH  ALVI OF BIROTE

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Circle Bakote is a cluster of Union Councils in the South eastern part of Abbottabad District in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Circle Bakote is located on the upper and west bank of the Jhelum River at Kohalla Bridge. The region is somewhere between 65 kilometers and 90 kilometers northwest of Islamabad. "Bakote" means the "land of forts". The Circle Bakote region is composed of the following ten union councils. Circle Bakote is called Provincial Assembly constituency PF 45. The Kanhar and Jehlum rivers are the two main rivers in Circle Bakote. Famous hill stations in the area are Meeran Jani, Mushpuri, Thandiyani, Pather Galli, Ayubia Khanas Pur and Nathia Gali. The area has a rich culture from the Vedic Age. It was on part of the route to Moshpuri, a Vishnu temple.

 Historical background

Circle Bakote has historically been an independent territory. It became a part of the Hazara Region in November 1859 when Britain annexed it to District Hazara as punishment of independent war of local Tribes. Before Islam all region was attached to Taxila Kingdom of Gandhara Civilization than it was a part of Kashmir till 1800, when Maharaja Ranjit Sing attached it to Lahore Darbar. The British sold Circle Bakote to Maharaja Gulab Sing of Kashmir under the Amritsar Agreement. It was annexed to Murree in February 1859 and then to Hazara. In 17th century a Dhond Sardar Lahr Khan divided his territory by his brothers and finalized the borders from Manwan ni Hel to Lora on the west bank of river Jhelum to Islamabad, the last edge of last UC Birote of Hazara Division on East-south. This line was drawn from river Jhelum to Sulleal (Lower Birote) to Aarhi, now called Hadd at upper Birote, Kanair Kas to Sorjal, Arwarh, thoba (Barhean), to Lora. This partition of land was accepted by Nalwa Sing administration of Rangit Sing and by Major Abbott, the 1st commissioner of Hazara. The dominate people in Circle Bakote are the Lehral Dhond Abbasi family. The Lahral have a tradition of self-praising their culture. They also partitioned their land as the walking paths between lands as borders, so they are proved to be intelligent. They were progressive people who accepted the trends of time. They were brave battled against Sikh rulers under the command of Pir of Plasi at Balakote in 1830, and fought against British in 1857 at Murree. They established 1st non-political and a literary organization named Anjuman Islah-e-Qoom-e-Dhond at Rewat Murree in 1924, the 1st president was Raja Kala Khan and 1st secretary General was Professor Karam Haidri of Tret. They were politically Muslim Leagueians and provided full support to Muslim League of Quaid-i-Azam Mohammed Ali Jinnah, they saluted their leader on the old Kohala Bridge on 1945 when he returned from Sri Nagar. The also supported early Kashmir movement in 1947 to 1951. They provided asylum to Sardar Qayyom at Basian and fought among Kashmiries in Salian, Dherkote, Joli Chirh (native village of Sardar Qayom, now called Ghaziabad). In Kashmir independent war heroes of Circle Bakote were Sardar Yaqoob Khan of Basian, Lumberdar Isab Khan of Kaho Sharqi, Sardar Mehmood Khan of Birote, renowned poet Molana Yaqoob Alvi Birotvi of Birote.

Demography

Circle Bakote has always had human habitation throughout recorded history. The British Government of India issued District Gazetteers every year in which details of population demography was published. The Circle Bakote population was not mentioned but statistics of District Hazara and Tehsil Abbottabad are available.

Hazara District

    1869-70---Total population was 343,929, population of Dhond Abbasi was 15,733 and Kareals were 25,231.

  • 1881---383,031
  • 1891---483,903, the population of Thoba (Barhean) was included. It was handed over to Punjab Government in 1893.
  • 1901---528,666, current Union Councils Birote and Bakote possessed 2,290 total population, 6,024 acre land (cultivated) and land revenue was Rs. 1,750/- that was collected by local lumberdars. There were six lumberdars with second class police station in Birote and Bakote. One Zimindari School was started in Bakote with 56 students, first was famous Khakha Bumba Tribe Chief Sardar Hasan Ali Khan.
  • District and Tehsil Abbottabad

Hazara District was a very large area with a big population. Government of NWFP decided to divide Hazara in to Abbottabad, Mansehra, Kohistan and Uggi districts. In 1981 Hazara divided and Abbottabad was formed as a district with two tehsils. In 1981 total land of District Abbottabad was 3,665 square miles with population of 977,212, Tehsil Abbottabad was 1,802 square mile land and population of 667,328 including 51% of Circle Bakote. In 1990 total population of District was 1,425,032 including Circle Bakote 43%.

 Political division

Politically Hazara was a solo constituency of NWFP Legislative Assembly in 1935 to 1951, Hazara was divided into three constituencies. (To be continued)

Union Councils of Cirle Bakote

There are nine UCs of Circle Bakote in new local bodies system. This area was divided into 13 UCs in 1983 but it was reunited in 2000 LB Pols. UCs Bakote and Molia, Palak and Malkot and Birote Kalan and Khurd were united. Details of Union Councils are as under:-

UC Boi (to be continued)

UC Dalola (to be continued)

UC Badala (to be continued)

UC Nambal (to be continued)

UC Bakote (to be continued)

UC Palak

UC Palak is a biggest union council of circle Bakote/Birote. Union council Palak has different villages i.e Plak (biggest village of the union council), Malkote, Longal, Surajaal, Darwaza, Kala Ban and Riyala. Total population of the union council plak is near about 5,000 persons. Most beautiful place of the district Abbottabad is Ayubia and Ayubia is located in the union council Plak. Union council plak has two high schools for boys and one middle school for girls. The main tribe of Plak are Dhond Abbasi, Gujars and Sattis. Mr. Sardar Mahtab Ahmad Khan Abbasi  who was elected as MPA (Member Provincial Assembly) in 1985 and later he was selected as Chief Minister of NWFP belong to Union council Plak. Mr. Arshad Mahmood Abbasi is youngest person who is selected as Assistant Director in Ministry of Education through FPSC also belong to Union Council Plak. Plak is the gateway of District Abbottabad because a gali Barian is a border of NWFP and Punjab and Union Council Plak is started from Barian. Famous journalists Allah Ditta Abbasi (Hill News) and Tariq Nawaz Abbasi are also belonged to this Union Council. The first Primary Vernicular Boys School had founded in Reala in 1900 and transferred to Birote because of no student availability.

UC Birote

Birote has 43 mosques, 8 Medaris, 40 primary schools, 2 higher secondary schools (one for boys and the other for girls) and a large scale telephone exchange. The area was well known throughout the province for its Golden Apples but now Rawalpindi supplies apples to the area, so this area is no longer known for its Golden Apples. The main tribe of Birote is Dhond Abbasi, however, there are Alvi Awan, Avan, Syeds, Mughals, Bhati Rajpoot and many other tribes here. The first chairman of this Union Council was Sardar Mohammed Irfan in 1962. The total population of Birote is 23,000 as of the 1998 census. Two roads link here the Kashmir Highway and the Upper Dewal Kohala Road also known as Khaqan Abbasi Road, which has heavy traffic day and night.

UC Kukmang  (to be continued)

UC Chameali  (to be continued)

UC Sealkot  (to be continued)

The highest and lowest places

    The hieghjest peak of Mukeshpuri or Moshpuri is called SAMMANAT, means baran area..

  • Manwan ni hell is the lowest place in UC Birote on three provincial borders of NWFP, Punjab and Azad Kashmir on the right bank of the Jhelum river. The place possessed a rich historical assets as a crossing point between Kashmir and Taxila in Gandhara time, the first town of Kethwal and Satti tribe who constructed current Circle Bakote and Murree Hills civilization and Dhondi/Karheali languages before the arrival of Karhlal and Dhond Abbasi tribe six centuries ago. there are a few graves with east and west directions in an old graveyard of Katwal tribe showing the history and Gandhara grave culture of before the dawn of Islam in Taxila Kingdom. This place was linked to Patten (Old Kohala) in north with a road along right bank of River Jhelum to Mirpur in AJK. In that time it was a cultural as well as a business center, but it had lost it's importance ion the beginning of nineteenth century (1750-1800) when Gakherhs failed to control all this region and it accompanied by Ranjit Sing field marshal Hari Sing Nalva in 1803. A battle was occurred there and all houses of Katwal and Satti tribes were gutted, all ladies and children became slaves by brutal HS Nalva and his army. He developed another place Pattan (Old Kohala) as a business and trade center and established an army post at old Dak Bagallow. Manwan Ni hell is called this place now because after the bloodshed of Nalwa Army only old and oldest ladies of Katwal and Satties tribes were remained there.

Micronations of Circle Bakote

 The mountainous area of Circle Bakote and Murree Hills is a banquet of flowers and living all micronations tribe with brotherhood and harmony. Dhond {Abbasi} is largest micronation as its population but Karlal, Satti, Ketwal the oldest and real micronation, Gakhars, Awans, Sayeds, Goojars, Khakha, Bumba, Rajpoot, Bhati, Rehmanis, and many others living there. Before Islam this area was dominated by Hindu Khashteria tribe worshiped goddess Kohala Devi in Dewal temple. Kethwal tribe embraced Islam in 1090 and than Muslim micro nations increased their size and now no non-Muslim is in the area.

Dhond Abbasi

Dhond Abbasi tribe is a large as population in Circle Bakote and Murree hills. Dhond Abbasi's are as forth in NWFP, as First in Hazara Division and as seven in Punjab by population. They have their own language called Pahari & Hindko also known as Dhondi, and they completed revolutionized culture and civilization. No person from Dhond tribe is non-Muslim, they all are belonged to Sunnies sect of Islam.Dhond Abbasi tribe is dhondi/kareali  language speaking people is descendant of Shah Wali Khan whose nickname was Dhond Khan. Dhonds are a martial and an intelligent tribe if Circle Bakote and Murree Hills. They are belonging to Hadhrat Abbas, the real uncle of the Prophet of Islam Mohammed in Muslim Holy city of Macca. They came in power as Abbasid destiny and governed 500 years on Baghdad, Iraq as a center of Muslim Ummah. Abbasids 1st delegate came Taxila, India where they constructed a masque and started preaching of Islam by the order of Caliph Haroon Al-Rashid on 844 AD. An Abbasi scholar Abu Fadhal taught a Kashmiri King Onti Vermon on 882, and he translated Holly Quran in Hindi Bhasha 1st time in Indian history from Alif Lam Meem to Sorah Yasin. A Circle Bakote historian Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi wrote in his book Tarikh-o-Tamaddun-e-Kosar that in 1025 AD Raja Mell of Jhelum who also governed over Circle Bakkote and Murree Hills, embraced Islam by Mehmood Ghaznawi and constructed a fort at Malkote, Malpur near Islamabad and Malal Bagla opposite of east of Birote in AJK. He died in Jhelum. In 1021, local government of Gakhers, take place in Kohsar by an authority document of Mehmood Ghaznavi, that a time Gakhers contacted Dhonds in Delhi. Dhond Abbasis were living there, an ancestor Poro Khan came and settled there in 880 AD. Noh Khan was his son borne 900 AD. In 968, Karlal chief Sardar Galler Khan came in Circle Bakote from Turkey and settled there. Dhond Chief Sardar Taeq or Taif Khan met with Sabaktagin, the father of Mehmood Ghaznawi at Kabul in 975 AD and joined his army among other family members. This royal honeymoon continues until 17 attacks of Mehmood Ghaznawi than they became allies and guards of Gakhers Tribe of Kohsar and Potohar. There are two major Abbasi (Dhound Abbasi) families are living in Banda Jaat one is headed by Haji Mirdad Khan Abbasi other is headed by Haji Allah Dad Khan Abbasi (Paharlal), Haji Allah Dad's family is in majority and have very good political and social influence. Their Father Noor Ahmed Abbasi son of Amir Ullah Khan Abbasi migrated to city center Supply Abbottabad (old name Rush) in the sake of Education and Bread winning before Pakistan from Banda Khair Ali Khan, However their old 50% family members (Cusions of Amir Ullah Abbasi & Noor Ahmed Abbasi) are still based in Banda Khair Ali Khan with wast majority and great influence. There is another Abbasi Tribe with thick culture and sociality is based in Bandi Dhoundan. Most of the senior members of this family are well settled and new generation is well qualified educated. From this Family (Haji Allah Dad Khan Abbasi Tribe) Most successful person (with the grace of Allah Almighty) named Shahid Akram Abbasi is first MBA from Dhond Abbasi <Pahar Lal> Family of Shaikh-ul-Bandi, Banda Dilzak, established his own House, Street & Colony Names with the family name of Abbasi Occupied the land from Haji Mirdad Khan Abbasi And is prominent Person working abroad with Son of Late King Faisal's Group of Companies as a Financial Controller, (He traveled Middle East, Europe, Africa and whole Gulf. (He is first Abbasi family member who have white color Overseas Job of this level ) He is also the first Abbasi person who wrote two books over Computer Science (English & Urdu) in 1999 and delegated to his Late Father Mohamed Akram Abbasi Ex Officer/Banker of National Bank of Pakistan, Abbottabad who have Four sons Wahid Akram Abbasi, Imran Akram Abbasi (Business men in Gulf) & Waqas Akram Abbasi (Student). Haji Mushtaq Ahmed Abbasi is also one of Prominent member of Abbasi Family from Banda Dilzak and is highest ranking banker (SVP) of Banda Dilzak in Habib Bank Ltd. Mr. Mohamed Shafique Abbasi is the highest ranking FPO Officer of this tribe. Mr. Khurshid Ahmed Abbasi is role model of nobility and courage for next generation is very humble and polite person who is one of the influential person in politics & social developments of the local region. The other prominent members of Abbasi family are Mirdad Khan Abbasi, Haji Allah Dad Abbasi, Retd. Sub. Iqbal Abbasi, Mohamed Akram Abbasi (late), Mohamed Aslam Abbasi, Tahir Iqbal Abbasi Local Singer is unforgettable to describe here. They are all next to kin of Ameer Ullah Abbasi. Jabreal is sub-tribe of Dhond Abbasi main tribe of Circle Bakot. Name Jabreal derived from the name of Sardar jabro khan the for father of there family jabraal are very well known in the whole Union Council Malkot. Lala Gul Khitab Abbasi and haji abdul razaq abbasi (Nazim UC Malkot) and Allah Ditta Abbasi (A D Abbasi) chief editor Hill news belong to this family. They all have rich political background and political power. (See also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhond_Abbasi#Dhond_Abbasies_of_Circle_Bakote )

Karhlal

Karlal (also kard'al, karaal, karhral or kiraal) is the name of a tribe found in the Abbottabad and Huripur districts of the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Their chief Sardar Ghallar khan came from Turkey. Kiraal or karaal means "Son of Ghallar

Goojars

Goojars are known as choudhries and are the natives of the area. This is the one of very Old nations from the world, the history of the goojars starts with or before the age of Greece(Unani). In the history, this is known that this tribe has also fight again Alexander The Great known as 'Sikandar-e-Azam' in the peak of the Alexander, when Alexander attack on an Area of Gurjars to occupy. The original word was Gurjar, which replaced by Goojar. There are about 60 or more sub-casts of Goojars. The main of them are 'Khatana','Chohan','Kasana','Gorsi','Chechei','Koli','Phambra', 'Sherpao (Patahn)','Pawar'and many others. Choudhry Rehmat Ali the founder of word 'Pakistan' and Choudhry Ghulam Abbas, the Leader of Kashmir Freedom Movement in 1947, which was later known as 'Mulim Conference', were goojars. The majority of Kashmiris are Goojars, they speak Goojri as a mother-tongue. Goojri is the old one language which has its effects on many other languages, like kashmiri, Nepali, brohi, Hindko, Urdu and other languages spoken in Himalayan areas and other related mountains areas. This nation is spread over long boundaries of Asis and Eastern Europe, In Pakistan, they belong to all Provinces e.g. Punjabi, Sindhi, Pathan, Baloch and Kashmiris. This nations also consists of Hindus and a Major Part of Sikhs and other Indian casts. Indar Kumar Gujral, the ex-PM of India, Rajesh Pailet Chohan and Sharad Pawar are the Indian Goojars. Many of Sikhs are from the sub-cast of Chohan. This tribe is also spread over Russia and Russian states and goes to Europe side. 'Goojri' is the mother-tongue of this nation. In old age Gujrat was the base of Goojars of Sub-continent. There are also a tribe, which called 'Gujar', this is different from 'Goojars' and has no link to 'Goojars' They called 'Bakarwal' in Kashmir and Hazara and were known as 'Gouchers' (who deals with cattels like Buffalows and cows) in Punjab. with growing age, they replace Bakarwal and Goucher with Gujar. Goojars are very educated and civilized in Gujrat, Sialkot and other part of Indo-Pak Punjab and Kashmir. They called 'Sardar' and 'Malik' in Frontier province of Pakistan In more areas they are known by their sub-cast.

Satti

Satti micronation is also a small micronation and a few groups living in Circle Bakote and largest by population in Kotli Sattian, south east of Murree Hills.

Gakhars Kayani

Gakhars also known as Kayani are a prominent tribe of Circle Bakote. They are of Iranian origin and according to Shahnameh written by Persian Poet Firdowsi in 1000 AD, their ancestors ruled for centuries. They have written and documented history going back to thousands of years BC. (See also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gakhars )

Alvi Awan

Alvi Awan is a traditional well known micronation of the Circle Bakote. They are the descendants of the fourth Caliph Hadhrat Ali. They are scattered throughout the region of circle Bakote and are comprised in majorities in areas like Abbottabad, Birote Thandiani, Nathia Gali e.t.c They mainly comprise of rich middle class people. Martail Race by the British. Awans fought valiantly against the Sikh and the British and were the first of the region to support the banner of Muslim League. They were always in favour of Pakistan and many prominent members of the Muslim League were Awan. Mohabbat Husain Awan is a thinker and scholar of Awan tribe of Circle Bakote who wrote eight books especially Tareekh-e-Alvi Awan, Awan Tareekh Ke Aene Man, Awan Gotain and a unique book on life of Holy Prophet Muhammedn named Assan ne Nabi Pak Hore first time in local Dhondi/Karheali Language. He belonged to Taj Mohammedal Awan family of Birote. Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi is also a famous journalist belonged to Naik Mohammedal family of Birote. Other important personalities of Awan tribe of Circle Bakote are Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti, first Arabic, Persian and Urdu poet of Kohsar Molana Yaqoob Alvi Birotvi, first head teacher of vernicular School Birote Molana Ismail Alvi, First scholar of Deoband (India) Molana Dafter Awan, first graduate of Birote in 1919 from prestigious Gordon Gollege Rawalpindi Mohammed Suleman Alvi, First surveyor of census department of India who surveyed of population and micronations of Circle Bakote in 1891 and 1901 Mohammed Ji Awan, first freedom fighter of Kashmir independent movement and embraced martyrdom in Srinagar in 1931 and step-son of Pir Bakoti Molana Abd-u-Rehaman Awan, first mathematics PhD laureate of Pakistan and senior scientist in KRL. (See also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Awan_Pakistan ) This portion of wikipedia is delited by fundamentilist and illetrate person.

Seyed

There are two kinds of Seyeds, one is Meshadi, migrated from Rahi Lora of District Abbottabad living in Birote and second is Bokhari Syed migrated in mid of 19th century and living in Kahu Sharqi, Ali Abad (Pichbhanna) Bhan (Birote Khurd)

Jadoon

This tribe migrated from Hawailian, District Haripur in 1876 and stayed in Basian and Osia Murree. A few houses are founds in Basian now. Very important personality of Jadoon tribe in Circle Bakote was Qazi Abd-ul-Haq Jadoon who performed pilgrimage of Mecca on foot, Master Khateeb-u-Rehman and Molana Saeed-u-Reahman . Fakhr-u-nesa Jadoon is the first Poetess of Dhondi language of the Area, living in Kherindi Birote Khurd. Dr. Malik Mehmood of Osia Murree is also belonged to Jadoon family. In Basian Jadoon Salar Zai sub tribe families are living, many of them migrated to Rawalpindi after 5 October 2005 earthquake tragedy.

Kathwals

Mentioned tribe is very influential and expert of footwear making, no political candidate can ignore them for their vote power. New generation of Bhati Rajpoot tribe changed their professions and they act a very important role in socio-political culture. They servicing in Pakistan Airforce and Pakistan Ordinance Factory. They are operating a supper-store in New York USA. Main personalities ao tribe are Mohammed Hafiz Rajpoot, Mohammed Aslam Rajpoot of Birote, Yaqoob Khan (Govt Contractor in British era) of Basian.

Qureshies 

There are only two tribes of Qureshies in UC Birote, one in Thela (Basian) and other in Termuthean. Qureshie of Basian called NEAYALS Termuthean called Dhannials. Important personalities Neayal Qureshies are Qazi Zafir-ul-Haq (a teacher of Osia High School and Hakim of Presidant Zea-ul-Haq) .

Professions

There are people living in the area belonging to every walk of life but some professions had been vanished by time and some are changing their shape. Vanished professions are singers (Mirasies), Qaswies (Jolahas), Leather makers (Chamears) and barbers plus penis cutters (Naies) Kalals (Poters) and agriculture (Zimidari).

Language and Literature

Dhondi/Kareali language  is spoken in all Circle Bakote, and joining Murree Hills and Gallies  areas. There are 80% Dhond Abbasi and Kareal Tribe is dominated. More than 1.5 million people are speaking this language from north of Islamabad to Kaghan Valley in South and in east from the right bank of River Jhelum to eastern bank of Silk highway from Hasanabdal to Abbottabad. Nazim Afaq Abbasi and some General Councilors of Union Council Birote objected about the name of Dhondi/Kareali language and passed a resolution on 28th Oct 2006, in which they demanded all linguistics to change the name of said language as Kohsari Language because this language is not only language of Dhond Abbasi or Kareal tribe of the area but it is spoken by all tribes of region.

Languagistic History

Linguistics refer Dhondi/Kareali language with other name also as Pahari (Dhundi-Kairali), Pothwari (Potwari), Chibhali, Punchhi (Poonchi), Mirpuri also. This language belonged to Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Northern zone and Western Pahari language family  with different dialects. It has a long history through centuries. It started trevelague from 5,000 BCE when Indo-Aryan priests wrote Vadas on the high brinks of Mokushpori and Murree hills. Dhondi Language changed it's shape as prakret in 3,500 BCE and in zero AD emerged as Sharda Language. A few century later when Muslims invaded Kashmir after 1,000 AD, many Muslim tribes as Awan, Seyed, Dhond Abbasies, Kareal, Gakhers and many more came in Kashmir with Mehmood Ghaznavi, inhabited there, changed social and political culture as well as Sharda language of Kashmir. This new changed revolutionized language theme, literature, thoughts and 70% diction and created another version of Sharda language. In the mid of second millennium some social changes occurred, Gakhers deported Kareal tribe in west and granted Circle Bakoted and Murree to grand grandson of Shah Wali Khan (Dhond Khan) Abd-u-Rehman (Rattan Khan) in 1470 as sub-feudal under Gakhers rule. This land was geographically a hilly and mountainous area, that developed by Katwals, Satties, Gujars and lastly Kareals. Now majority of Dhond Abbasi is populated here so this language called as Dhondi/Kareali in modern age. This language was first studied by a linguist Bailey, T.Grahame  in his book Languages of the Northern Himalayas Studied in the Grammar of twenty-six Himalayan Dialects published by Royal Asiatic Society London in 1908. With reference of Grahame Bailey, Grearson narrated the nature and translation of Dhondi/Kareali language in Linguistic Survey of India (Linguistic Survey of Pakistan Vol IV) published from Lahore in 1980. (see also http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Indo-Aryan_Languages ) and ( http://www.koshur.org/Linguistic/bibliography.htmlhttp://www.koshur.org/Linguistic/bibliography.html )

Dohndi kareali Literature

Dhondi/Kareali is basically an agriculture language. it has many form of literature but not in written form. New researchers as Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi says that Dhondi/Kareali language possessed a very high thoughts and pure self dictionary more than 3,500 words (Ukrey), idioms (Aakhans) etc.

Poets and Writers

There are only three persons of modern times who wrote books in Dhondi/Kareali language. One is Poet Salim Showalvi of Murree City, second Sardar Akash Abbasi of Kundan Murree and third is Muhabbad Hussain Awan of Birote, Circle Bakote.

  • Salim Showalvi is migrated Kashmiri poet of Dhondi/Kareali language from Srinagar, living in Murree since 1959. He is high qualified journalist and an authority on culture of Murree. He wrote many poems and songs in Dhondi/Kareali language.
  • Molana Abdul Majid (Molvi Chateara hore) was a HUMER OF KOHSAR and his poetry was remember by every one. He perodised and objected every matter that not fit for local culture. He wrote a poem about a thief of his village named Razzaq.
  • Cannay Aalay bzurg (Abd-ul-Quddus s/o Abdul Haq ) belonged to Phagwari Murree was also a poet and religious scholar but his poetry is not available. He destroyed a British soldier constructed brothel in Kashmiri Bazar Murree with the help of his colleagues and escaped on spot in 1924.
  • Masood Akash (Masood Abbasi) is a local lawer practiced in session courts in Murree and a member of Murree Bar Council wrote first poetry book named DEWAN-E-AKASH or PHULLAN PARI CHANGAIR (Banquet of flowers). This book is mile stone in Dhondi/Kareali language history with three dozens poems and translations of renowned Urdu poets' Gazals. He translated old language words as footnotes on bottom of every page of book. He wrote a poems, stenzas and Gazals. He wrote many romance poetry as and many poems shows that he deeply enjoyed nature and he also translated Urdu poets as Wali Dakni, Mir Taqi Mir, Rafih Soda, Galib, Zaffer, Hasrat Mohani, Iqbal, and many more.
  • Muhabbat Hussain Awan  is first prose writer of Dhondi/Kareali language. He belonged to Alvi Awan Noor Mohammadal tribe of Union Council Birote with high Islamic Sharea Law education. He is a government servant settled in Karachi and also wrote eight books on Alvi Awan tribe both in Pakistan and Islamic Word. He wrote ASAN NE NABI PAK ORE (Our Holy Prophet Mohammed) first time in Dhondi/Kareali language and published in Ramdhan 1427 AH by Idara-e-Tehqeeq-ul-Awan Karachi. Book is a unique master piece of Dhondi/Kareali language (mother language of author). The preface (History of Dhondi/Kareali language) of book is written by famous journalist and anthropologist Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi, in which he analysed language evolution from 5,000 BCE to today. Mohabbat H Awan not a poet, he is prose writer but he translated the poem of Hadhrat Amina with reference to book Al-Raheeq Al Makhtoom. In this poem Hadrat Amina (Mother of Prophit Mohammed PBUH) remember his husband Hadhrat Abdullah as a brave, a young delight person. (see also http://www.alviawan.zoomshare.com/http://www.alviawan.zoomshare.com/ )
  • Azam Abbasi is a growing poet living in Natheagali. He is tailor by profession but having a powerful thoughts about nature. He wrote very impressive way. His poetry is publishing in weekly HILL NEWS regularly.
  • Fakhr-un-Nessa is only single poetess of Circle Bakote, as she writing verses both in Dhondi and Punjabi Language. She belonged to Jadoon Salarzai tribe of Basian, Union Council Birote. Her poetry is mix with Punjabi accent but she wrote Dhondi/Kareali successfully.
  • Abd-u-Shakoor zakhmi was a herbal doctor and living in Central Birote and belonged to Noor Mohammedal alvi Awan family was also a poet. he wrote a booklet on sade demise of his son and composed a long poem.

 Urdu Literature

In previous century when new education spread in all hilly region, Urdu was the medium of learning. Culture and civilization of agriculture revolutionized and new thoughts and ideas came into being. Many Urdu newspapers and magazines as Daily Zimidar Lahore, Daily Inqilab Lahore, Wakil Amretser, Muslim Rajpoot Ludhheana, Madina Bajnore arose the poetry fantasy among hillian people. As result many persons take pen and paper and wrote the revelations of thoughts from heaven but they they have no forum for their expression. Many persons poetry is available now as unprinted form. Many of them had lost their treasures of writings but some scriptures are available. These Urdu/Presion poets of Circle Bakote are as under:-

  • Molana Yaqoob Alvi Birotvi is first poet of Arabic, Persian and Urdu in Circle Bakote. He was a modern teacher by profession. He take part in Kashmir JEHAD in 1948 along freedom fighter of Circle Bakote in Kashmir. He wrote his book Neghm-e-Jehad (Melody of Jehad) during jehad. He is also a wrestler and broke legs of many local in his prime age. He paralyzed in his last days and died on 18 June 1985. He won prestige and reputation as a poet of grave, today every tomb of Birote is occupied by his verses. He is a true follower of Hadhrat Pir Haqiqullah Bakoti he admitted that all his abilities is gift of his saint Pir Bakoti. He was a legend (Thansathra) of Kohsar, paralyzed in his last four year after the death of his elder son Capton Khurshid AA\alum Alvi in 1981, his beloved wife Meryam Bibi in 1983 and his younger brother Hakeem Molana Abdullah Alvi in an accident at Basian on 17 August 1984. He lost his breaths in the way of Civel Hospital Murree near Jhikagali on 18 June, 1985.
  • Gohar Moeen real name was Seyed Muzaffer Hussain Shah was a Sufi Urdu poet with high caliber religious as well as modern education. He was Controller of Schools in Northern Areas and resided at Gilgit during his service. He was son-in-law of Molana Mohammed Saeed of Rawat (Murree) and son of first vice head teacher of Vernicular Primary School Birote, metric from Osia in 1942 ant then he came in Rawalpindi for employment and further studies. He was MA in Islamic studies and his favourite subject was sufism. He wrote hundred of poems about nature of humanbeing, soul, life after death e.tc. He migrated from Birote forever and settled at Jhang Seyedan Lehtrarh road Islamabad after his retirement. He died in July 2003 and buried in Kirpa nearby village. His Urse is held on every first Friday of July every year.
  • Mukhlis Birotvi (Syed Iqbal Hussain Shah) is another first poet of first printing book named FIKR-E-FARDA OF Birote now settled in Mansehra. He is teacher by profession and retired as vice principal of Government Higher Secondary School Birote in 2000. His book first printed in Monthly Fanoos Karachi in 1997 by his nephew Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi and second time by his son Khalid Raza Shah in 1998. He was engaged with a girl in Lehtrarh (Kotly Sattean) during his first employment in 1966 and this incident changed him most sensitive person. This period poem shows anthoism and life passions, but he became an effigy of sadness when he returned from there and all loneliness compressed his poetry. He is John Keets of Circle Bakote. He wrote many gazals also but all are full of grieves and tearfulness. Indeed these poems reflect his failure in love.
  • Khilash Birotvi (Aasif Alvi) was the younger son of first head teacher of Vernicular Primary School Birote Molana Ismail Alvi and he had lost his eyesight in his prime age. He wrote poem and songs on national issues. His poem were printed in monthly Akhbar-e-Watan Karachi. He was correspondent of weekly Tarjuman Karachi (Cilcle Bakote first newspaper in 1973 by late Ghulam Kibrea Abbasi of Kahoo Sharqi, Union Council Birote). He died in 1988 in Birote.
  • Fazal Hussain Abbasi (Sahri) is a poet of Urdu from adjoining Union Council Deval (Murree) and a social leader of his tribe as well as UC. He is life chairman of a Karachi based his native people named Deval Flahi Committee since 1985. He compiled a poetry book but in vail, says that it will appear after his travels to meet his Almighty Allah. He is ex-service man by profession and naturally admirer of Sufi-ism. He is satisfied financially, traveling between Deval, Islamabad and Karachi regularly but he is feeling badly damage of his conscious because of his younger son who is evicted, left his house and living with notorious people. This incident of life changed him as a silent person. He expressed his enthusiasm and poetic revelations in his verses.
  • Pakistan, Shahid Islam alvi is in grip of illness and sickness and surviving by paralization is a very high thought poet of Circle Bakote. He is SHAH-E-GAZAL (King of Ghazal) and wrote a blassom thonking in his poetry. He is younger son of Alvi Birotvi.

English literature

No sign of English literature before occupation by British forces in Murree and abbottabad. Many English poets came here and only enjoyed summer season. Wikipedia only referred those who born in Murree and wrote poetry and fiction in the world. The important are only two, one is Younghusband, Sir Francis Edward and second is Charles, Bruce Bairnsfather.

Historians, biographers and Directories Writers

Many more books are publishing in Murree and Circle Bakote are related to local history. All historians wrote only some information but not in depth and not fulfill the demand of anthropologists and history. These books are only current affairs directories and contents of unauthentic traditional work. It is worth mentioned that tribal histories books as TAREEKH-E-ALVI AWAN by Muhabbat H Awan, Tareekh-e-Gakhrhan by Raja Haider zaman Keani and Tarekh-e-Sattian by Sabir Satti are a detail research work. Those writers who wrote History Books are as under. young biographer Hannan Ali Abbasi www.islamabad.zoomshare.com is also wrote a valueable book of history and published on Oct 2007 from Islamabad. He is younger son of famous prson of UC Bakote and nephew of Khurshid Abbasi (Chief Editor Daily Nawa-i-Hazara). He is a cortoonist also.

Journalism History

The local people of Murree Hills and Circle Bakote entered journalism through the newspaper selling profession in 1936. The main historical journalism feature is as bellow:-

  • The first journalist of Murree is still unknown but the first journalist of Circle Bakote was Qazi Hadayetullah of Union Council Bakote, who was vergon and spent his 23 years in the Daily Zimidar Lahore (1932-52).
  • Syed Amir Ud Din Sha Kazmi from Tauri Union Council Boi was the First Person to get Declaration copy of Weakly Pakistan from British Government from AbbottAbad Office. And it is proved that He was First Person to Use Word "Pakistan".
  • Another journalist was Abd-u-Rezzaq Abbasi Mujahid of Union Council Malkot/Palak who was correspondent of Weekly Zamin Delhi (United India) before 1947.

Newspapers of Kohsar

  • There are four Daily Newspapers Daily Ousaf , Daily Musalman Daily Azkar www.azkaar.com (Islamabad and Karachi) and Daily Nawa-i-Hazara publishing from Islamabad by the editors of Murree Hills and Circle Bakote, named Raja Mehtab Khan of UC Phagwarhi, Tikka Khan (well known Akhbarfrosh leader and ex-federal minister) of UC Jhika Gali, Ilmas Abbasi of Phagwarhi and Khurshid Abbasi from Bakote.
  • There are also two weeklies are publishing regularly named Hill Post and other is Hill News by highly qualified working journalists Mohammed Obaidullah Alvi, AD Abbasi, Ishteaq Abbasi, Talib Abbasi, Zafir Abbasi and many more journalists. Now he is Resident Editor of Daily Azkaar Karachi ( www.dailyazkaar.com ). He possesed a long journalistic carier since 1979. He worked in Daily Mashriq, Daily Hurriat and Dawn in Karachi and Daily Musalman, Oasaf, Nawaiwaqt, Jang and The News in Islamabad. He returned Karachi in Feb 2005 and joined Daily Khabrain, Daily Islam and Daily Azkar now. He is founding editor of Weekly Hillpost, Hillnews, Daily Dewan (Daily Mehshir Now) and Daily Azkaar Karachi.
  • weekly Akhbar-e-Kohsar printed by Saeed Abbasi (now Amir of Jamat Islaami PF-45), Safi-u-Rehaman Abbasi (Osea) with co-ordination of many lawyers of Murree and Circle Bakote in 1987 from Karachi. After a short time Weekly Akhbar-e-Kohsar was take over by new entered journalist brothers Fida Husain Abbasi (now editor of Daily Kaenat Karachi) and Sajjad Abbasi (now deputy editor of Daily Ummat Karachi) of Birote in 1989. They published this newspaper and compete with weekly Hill Post but stopped publication in 1992 due to murder of Fida Abbasi brother in Birote. Weekly Tarjuman-e-Abbasia is a brilliant house journal of Dhond Abbasi tribe published under the direction and supervision of Anjuman Ittehad-e-Abbasia Karachi, was appeared in 1995 by Safi-u-Rehaman Abbasi.
  • The 1st newsmagazine of Circle Bakote was Weekly Tarjaman, which published from Karachi under the editorship of Ghulam Kibreya Abbasi of Kahoo-Sharqi Birote in 1970 till 1973. This paper contained 36 pages and 1st and last is in two colors.
  • The 1st paper on Photostat published in Rawalpindi named Hum-waten Bakote by Yari Khan Ulfat in 1984 and second was Monthly Zanjeer from Birote by a group of students in 1995.
  • In Phagwarhi a hand written newspaper Dara of four pages was published from Karachi in 1979 till 2002 by Aashik Abbasi.
  • The first high qualified journalist from Circle Bakote isMohammed Obaidullah Alvi who not only work with Daily Jang Rawalpindi, Daily Nawa-i-waqt Islamabad, Daily Ousaf Islamabad, Daily Mashriq Karachi, Dawn Karachi, Daily Musalman Islamabad, Daily Khabrain and now as research editor with Islam Group of Newspapers in Karachi. He also the founder of Weekly Hill Post and Weekly Hill News.
  • Important Journalists of Circle Bakote and Murree Hills


  • Kalim Abbasi of Bhan Birote Khurd (Calligrapher and artist, art Director of Orient Advertising Peshawer) Aftab Abbasi of Bakote, (Arabic/English news editor of Libea TV in Tripoli) Naeem Abbasi of Bhan Birote Khurd, Producer and newseditor of Aaj TV Karachi).Sajid Quresh Abbasi , Qaiser Quraish Abbasi of Abbasiyan Chief Executive Weakly Ahbar-e-Kohsar From Karachi. Hannan Ali Abbasi from BAkote Deputy Editor Daily Nawa-i-Hazara, Sabir Hussain Abbasi from Boi Sub Editor Sarhad News, Naveed Akram Abbasi from Bakote (First Male Journalist from Pakistan who won Best Urdu Write-up 2006 by International Committee for Red Cross presented By Head Of Delegation ICRC in Pakistan Mr Pascal Mauchle for The Article Zinda Zammer Afrad Ko Tameer e Nu mai Shamil Kia Jaey After earthquake 2005 Published in Nawa e Waqt), Best Article Writer Award Winner Pakistan Press Foundation (Presented By Fatima Surrya Bhajiya), Correspondent Daily Nawa e Waqt, Correspondent Pakistan Press International,
  • Farhat Jabeen Alvi, is the first lady journalist form circle Bakote and lady reporter of Daily Jinnah Islamabad and WEEKLY HILL NEWS Rawalpindi in Circle Bakote.
  • Nazar Ahmad Abbasi from Berot Correspondent Daily Ausaf. Iqbal Sagher from Sialkot Union Council Patten sub Editor Daily Muhaseb Abbottabad. A new daily newspaper NAWA-I-HAZARA started her publications from Islamabad and Abbottabad at a time on 14th of August 2006 under the editorship of famous journalist M Khurshid Abbasi of Mojwal, sub-tribe of Dhond of UC Bakote & Youngist journalist of PakistanHANAN ALI ABBASI' is Deputy editor of Nawa-i-Hazara.
  • Khurshid Abbasi is first journalist in Pakistan who introduced inpage layout of Urdu newspaper on INPAGE Programme first time in the country as a news editor Daily Khabrain Islamabad  in 1992. He joined Daily Ousaf Islamabad in 1998 as a senior editor where he appointed him as a beuru chif of Daily Ousaf London in 2002 and he shifted overseas. He worked with the said paper but differences with newspaper administration resulted resignation. He returned Pakistan and than started his project on Daily Nawa-i-Hazara Islamabad. After nine months a UK based consulting firm invited him for a challenging job, so he travelled to London again. He fulfilled his challenging job and at this moment a sun of new and successful life rose. Now he is a wealthiest man of Circle Bakote but not a journalist in British Community, who running a prestigious daily Nawa-i-Hazara from Abbottabad, Islamabad and soon from Karachi. He has a dream of another English newspaper Pakistan Today simultaneously from Islamabad, London, Paris, Jeddah, Kawait City, Tokyo and Dobai.
  • Molana Mehmood-ur-Rasheed Hadoti  is a religious scholar from Hadot Murree. He publishing Monthly AAB-E-HAYAT lahore  and Sifarish Abbasi fortnightly ASHAET-E-ISLAM from Gulahrhagali Murree on islamis subjects. (see also http://www.aab-e-hayat.com/introducation.htmhttp://www.aab-e-hayat.com/introducation.htm ) 
  • Shafiq Abbasi (Sub-Editor Daily Ousaf ) belonged to Kundan Namb Murree. Imteaz-ul-Haq is special correspondent of Daily Nawa-i-Waqt from Murree City.

Theosophy and Sufism

Circle Bakote is a traditional and religious land in Mountains and a famous route between Kashmir and ancient Taxila And Gandhara Kingdom. In prehistory when the Circle Bakote and Murree was under water, Vadic Risshies were writing Rig Vada on peaks of Musearhi and Moshpuri. A temple was built by unknown king in 8000 BCE in memorial of Sita godsess, god Hannuman Ji and god Lakshmen Ji by the order of Kirshan Ji Maharaj. A rout of Bhudist scholars was laid there from Taxila Bhudist University to Sharda Sub-campus of her via Lora, Narha, Thoba (Barhian), Nathea Gali, Moshpuri, Birote Khurd and Domail Kanair Pull on River Jhelum into Kashmir in Ashoka time. Islam forwarded in this area in 12th century when Muslim tribes spread in Kashmir and the crossed Riever Jhelum into Circle Bakote. The first tribe of Area was who embraced Islam was THE KETWALS and SATTIES. They were Persians and worshiped Zoroastrian and Sheveism as a new religion. Famous Muslim saint Syed Ali Hamdani influence reflect mentioned area and many Muslim families came there but it is very strange that there was no maque in Circle Bakote till 17th century. The first Muslim tribe Karhal occupied area in 14th century and Dhond Abbasi tribe in 15th century and both fought against Ketwals and Satties and expelled them from Circle Bakote. The Islamic culture was fully enforced, burned and destroyed all Hindu and Buddhist temples but not built any masque there. In 17th century, a Dhound Abbasi feudal Chief Malik Soraj Khan became a theosophy minaret of light. He was first Saint, Poet of Dhondi Language, a religious scholar too. His mother Rehmat Jan was a Satti lady. He built first Masque in Potha (Aliote, now Alyote) seven km of north of Murree City. People of Circle Bakote and Murree Hills felt anxiety during early Sikh era and they fought against them in Balakot under the command of Pir of Plasi Seyed Mohammed Ali Shah, a close companion of Mujahid Leaders Syed Ahmed Shahid and Shah Ismail Shahid, grand sons of Shah Waliullah Dehlvi, but not succeeded and embraced martyrdom in Balakot. After this incident Seyed Mohammed Ali Shah shifted to Bakot in 1832, built a masque there and lived till his death in 1849. He was first religious saint but his influence eclipsed after the arrival of Pir Faqir-u-llah Bakoti(died-18 November, 1921)  from Pajja Shrif, Chikar (AJK). Pir Faqir-ullah Bakoti was a great soofi saint who had thousands of followers. He was a well known figure of Circle Bakote. He invited people to follow the teachings of Islam in his unique way. First he came Birote in 1870 and married in Naik Mohammedal Awan Family, and a land of 12 kanals were gifted him by Kamalal sub tribe of Dhond there, than he migrated to Bakote because a Ahmdea Qadeani Molvi accompanied a masque in Central Bakote. He beated mentioned person and taught the people of Bakote the faith of LAST MESINGER OF GOD. Pir Atiq ullah Bakoti was first member of NWFP legislative assembly (M.L.A) from Circle Bakote. He was second son of Hazrat Pir Faqir-Ullah Bakotiand father of current Pir Azhar Bakoti. He was a great scholar and religious leader. He had thousands of followers in Circle Bakot, Murree, Azad Kashmir and all over Pakistan. He was educated in Deoband-India. He was a pupil of Akhwand Sahib (Molana Abdul Ghafoor of Swat, NWFP, and eyewitnessed of Sikh Afghan War). He organized Circle Bakote Muslim theoretically, spiritually, politically by an organization named Anjuman Mujahideen at Bakote, started Friday Prayers in Birote and Bakote and he participated every person problems. Another saint who came in Circle Bakote was Gull Baba from Mansehra and died at Ramkote east of Ayubia in 1943 and a tomb was built there. (see also http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Hadhrat+Molana+Pir+Fakir-u-llah+Bakoti  and http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Hadhrat+Pir+Haqiqullah+Bakoti

Transport History

The road link between Punjab and Kashmir is not a new but as old as the history of both rigions are old. 1.5 thousands year before these road links established via Kohala, Lora, Musearhi (Murree old name) and Khwadder. Kashmiri ruler Kot Bensi Family to Ohadeo Royal Family last king Raja Sahdave, all depeded on this links to Punjab to Srinagar, Kashmir. Turks vanished Hundu Raj from Kashmir via this route in 1350 and when Mughels appointed their governor Yousaf Ridhvi in 1587, they made contacts through Kashmir Highway via Kohala. another route between Kabul and Srinager established whenAbdullah Khan Kabuli take over the highest ruling post in Kashmir and the consised route was Kabul, Mansehra to Srinager via Hasan Abdal, but in second decade of 1800, Hazarawals suspended supply lines of Sikhs as result of their atrosities and barberism. Hari Sing Nalva, a Sikh General tried to opene this route by bloodshed and war of Balakot but not succeeded. The only way for contact between Kashmir and Punjab remained Upper Dewal Kohala, which they devolped. A route between Kashmir and Potohar (Land of Gakherhs) was also there along with right bank of River Jhelum from Srinager to Mirpur, AJK.Old Gajnipura that with new name of Rawalpindi emerged as a socio-political as well as commerce center of North Punjab in 1802 after defeat of Gakherhs and in New government of Sikh Lahore Derbar. Malka Sing as a new ruler setup Raja Bazar as a mega trade center between Punjab and Kashmir and Kohala as a sub-center of Raja Bazar. His successor Sardar Jewan Sing occupied all Murree Hills and Circle Bakote controle and properties of local Dhond Abbasi, Karhral, Gakherhs and other tribes trnsfered to Hindu merchants by force. At that time no bridge was in Kohala and travelers crossed River Jhelum at Knair Pull or Pattan in those days. This crossing point is also oldest place in region through centuries. The remains of this points are also can be seen at Domail, 200 feet above New Kohala Brige, 100 feet above of Kanair Pull Dak Bangalow and new build road from eastern part of New Kohala Brige to Bashir Petrolepump. There were three routs in second decade of 1800 from Kabul, Raealpindi to Kashmir. FIRST ROUT was Hawailian, Khaira Gali, Malkot . Dewal to Khawadder crosing, second was Haripur, Lora, Danna, Gorha Gali, Kotli Sattean to Patan Dhalkot and third was Rawalpindi, Musearhi, Upper Dewal to Kohala. Resistance movement against brutal Sikh Authorities, they built forts (Kote in local language) and checkposts (Kotlies) in Dannah, Dewal, Bakote and Sahlian to maintain law and order setuation.

Upper Dewal Kohala Road

The new construction of Upper Dewal Kohala Road started in 1836 by the order of Gulab Sing, the Maharaja of Kashmir, where Shiks armed troops petroling 24 hours and engaged local people in futigues ruthlesly. After the government of Ranjit Sing family sunset in 1845, a notorious Amretser pect signed among British rulers and Maharaja Gulab Sing as a result all areas of Circle Bakote aligned to Kashmir. This event compeled local tribes to civel war, they destroyed Upper Dewal Kohala Road, delinked all bridges and had taken positions against Sikh troops. They killed more than 100 troops in Kohala and hanged their deadbodies across right and left banks of Rivber Jhelum. The agitation produced fruitfill results and all regions of Circle Bakote reunited with Punjab in same year after a few months.

Rawalpindi Murree Road

In 1857 local tribe's war of independent failed and British Government started development of Murree City and built Rawalpindi Murree Road. All bridges including Salgran is a masterpice of Mistri Noor Alahi of Birote. A new friendship pact was also signed in Dogra Raj of Kashmir and Government of Punjab in 1870.

Kashmir Highway

In 1873 the constraction of Kashmir Highway (Murree Srinagar Road) via Kohala started. Contractor was Sardar Hoshnak Sing and bridge builder was Mistri Noor Alahi of Birote. It completed via Aliyot, Phagwarhi, Lower Dewal and Lower Birote in 1885 and cheriote movement started. In 1871 first Kohala suspensin bridge built which was washed in 1991 flood. Other details are as under:-

  • First highway link established between Rawalpindi and Kashmir and transport strted.
  • Trate, Company Bagh, Gorha Gali, Sunny Bank, Kuldanna, Ghikagali, Lower Topa, Aliyote, Phagwarhi and Garheal Camp emerged as populated towns along Kashmir Highway.
  • Kashmir Highway carpited in 1901.
  • Kohal Bridge washed away three times, 1890, 1902 and 1991, than bridge shifted to Domail in Union Council Birote.
  • Parsi invester Dhanji Boy four wheel cheriot sevise first for Murree in 1904 and than for Srinager next year.
  • Punjab Motor Transport Company established in 1907 and started service with foure buses.
  • First nonmuslim trnsporter of Circle Bakote was Dewan Sing of Termuthean.
  • The first Muslim transport company had established in 1920 with equal shares of contractor Amin Khan, Mehmood Shah, Ghulam Nabi Shah of Birote and many other shareholders from Rawalpindi under the banner of Allied Ghiraghdin Transport Company with two buses enroute to Rawalpindi to Srinager.
  • Poet of the East Allama Iqbal first travelage to Kashmir by Kashmir Highway was in 1921. He was passenger of Allied Chiragh Din drove by Molvi Ghazo. According to Sabir Afaqi, Iqbql wrote 17 poem of his book ARMEGHN-E-HIJAZ and on poem of Jawaid Nama AANSOO-E-AFLAK In this voyage.
  • Rawalpindi Murree transport Company started her bus service in 1923 between Rawalpindi and Murree.
  • In 1930 Contractor Amin Khan and Raja Nazer Khan founded a new Rawalpindi Srinager Transport ( SRT ) Company and got a very handsome response by passengers as second company of Allied Chiragh Din. First SRT bus was Chewerlet no IR 4618 started her first travalage on 23 July 1930.
  • In 1935 reksha was started their services on this road.
  • Raja Serwer Khan of Gorha Gali established third transport Company named Murree Hills Transport Company in 1943 with eight buses enroute to Kohala Rawalpindi.
  • Between years of 1946-7 Rawalpindi Srinagar transport bus service suspended and eight buses of Allied Chiragh Din were seized by Dogras. New transport system first introduced when British Government built Rawalpindi Murree Road in mid of 19th century.

Transport History in New age

After Pakistan came in to being, many transporters came forward and invest million of rupees in this sector both in Northren Punjab and Azad Kashmir. A half dozzens transporters of Azad Kashmir run their services on Kashmir Highway but rout was on Rawalpindi to Muzaferabad, Rawlakot, Bagh, Dhirkot, Chinari and Athmuqam. Allied Chiragh Din and Srinagar Road Transport (SRT) Company purchased more used buses and restarted their operation. Murree Hills Transport Company monopoly was on Rawalpindi Kohala rout which was broke by Pindi Murree Transport Company in 1951 and started operation with 32 seater six buses. Mentioned company got rout permit of Rawalpindi Lora, Rawalpindi Ayubia and Rawalpindi Rewat on Kohala Bridal (Now Upper Dewal Kohala) Road. Demand of Upper Dewal Kohala Road constraction was echoed in President House in ex-capital Karachi and in 1958 when federal Capital shifted in Islamabad, the importance of Upper Dewal Kohala Road emerged higher and higher as a permanent supply line of Pakistani armed forces in Azad Kashmir. A large land slide damaged Kashmir Highway near Aliyote in 1960 and road was closed for six months, it was a great concern for GHQ, therefore federal government called emergency meeting of Corp Commanders in Rawalpindi in last December and recommended constraction work of Upper Dewal Kohala Road under supervision of Pak Army. In first phase constraction work started on this road in mid of 1961 from Garheal to Rewat. The second phase completed in 1964 from Rewat to Dewal and then suspended. Pakistan Army faced many hurdels in lagestic movement during 1965 war as a single road connection with AJK and the importance of Upper Dewal Kohala Road came more aggressive again as a defence linkage way for Armed Forces. Pak Army restarted road constraction in 1966 on Sikh made old rout and it was copleted and carpited in 1969. The first bus service started on this rout was Murree Hills Transport Company drove by Mohammed Rezaq Khan of Birote. The second Pakwatan Bus service started in 1972 and ended in 1975. The third bus service was started by Mohammed Azad Khan in 1978 named Pir Bakoti Bus Service. The year 1984 a flod of bus services came and in 2004, there were 10 sevices have been operating in morning from Moolia, Kohala, Basian and Birote to Rawalpindi and four were fram Rawalpindi to Kohala and Molia. These bus oprators are:-

  • Razaq Khan than Nizakat Abbasi oprated Murree Hills Bus Servic from 1963 to 2004.
  • Azad Khan of Basian oprated Pir Bakoti Express from 1980 to 2003 and thand sold to Hussain Abbasi of Basian and he oprated it till 2006.
  • Nisar Abbasi of Birote started Abbasi Coach (No RID 8699) in 1987 and ended in 2006 by his son Anwar Abbasi.
  • Imteaz Abbasi started Abbasi Coach (No Rid 1230) in 1990. This was first bus that first time oprated from Rawalpindi to Molia.( To be continued)
  • Printing business

The 1st press established by Shahab Al-din Jadoon of Basian at Workshapi Mohalla Rawalpindi in 1992. A person belonged to Bakote is also a proprietor of a press in Messy Gate Rawalpindi. Raja Mubeen Akhtar Abbasi of Reala/Malkote possessed a printing press in Islamabad. All four Daily newspaper of Murree and Circle Bakote, Daily Ausaf, Daily Azkar, Daily Musalman and Daily Nawa-i-Hazara have their own presses. Daily Nawa-i-Hazara his start her publication from Abbottabad and Islamabad his office is established in Islamabad, Abbottabad, mansehara, haripur, havialian and other cities.prominent journalist M.Khurshid Abbasi is the owner of the Daily Nawai-i-hazara.nawae hazara is running very good at the moment.

Books on Circle Bakote and Murree Hills

Pakistan Science Foundation, Quaid-e-Azam University professor Mohammed Ata Raheem compiled a book analysis 1684 to 1947 about Circle Bakote and Murree Hills. It was published in 1976. Many valuable books mentioned in this category, available in important libraries of Pakistan especially National Library Islamabad. According to this analysis the first book was published about the mentioned area was MEMORENDUM ON THE NWFP by Cap. Bonami and published from Colkata, India. The other books are:-

    Notes on Khaira Gali and Shangla Gali of NWFP by J E N Bide (1927)

  • The origin of the Himalayas Mountain
  • Notes on The elevation of Himalayas Peaks by A Cambel published from Colkata (1848)
  • Remarks On Hamalayan Glexiation by J F Camblal published from Colkata (1877)
  • Indian Frontier Policy, A historical Sketch by J Aidypublished from London (1897)
  • North West Frontier Province by T Camon Plot (1930)
  • NWFP and Pathan Borderland (A Survey Report) by E W Kastlave (1914)
  • Year on North West Frontier of India by S J Koten from London (1868)
  • Memorandum on the Produce of Himalayas Hills byL Kowan from Lahore (1860)
  • Air Mapping of NW Frontier by D R Crown (1936)
  • The North West Province of India by W Krikk (1897)
  • A General Geographical Accounts of NWFP by M A Durrani (His MA Thesis in London University) in 1939.

First time chronology

  • IN HISTORY WRITING---Muhabbat Hussain Awan of Birote is the first writer who wrote the Biography of Holy Prophet Mohammad named ASSAN NE NABI PAK AUR (Our Holly Prophet) in Dhondi/Karheali local Language.
  • IN JOURNALISTS'TRADE UNION....Naweed Akram Abbasi is a pirst person who elected as first General Secretry of Abbottabad Union of Journalist in first week of 2007 from Circle Bakote.
  • IN JOURNALISM IMPROSENMENT---Zafir Abbasi of Birote was the first PRISONER OF CONSCOIUNCE from Circle Bakote who was arrested by Bakote Police and locked in Abbottabad notorious Jail for a weak on the order of Ex-Chief Minister of NWFP Sardar Mehtab Ahmed Khan Abbasi in June 1997 only on personal and political enmities.
  • IN PROVINCIAL POLITICS----Hadhrat Molana Pir Haqiq-u-llah Bakoti was first representative in NWFP Legislative assembly from Circle Bakote who won election in majority and defeated Sardar Hasan Ali Khan of Khakha Bamba family of Boi in 1956.
  • IN GOVERNMENT----Sardar Mehtab Ahmed Khan of Malkote was first Chief Executive of NWFP province who elected by MPAs and he ruled the province 1997 to 1999. He constructed Swar Gali Boi Road but uncompleted because of his government desolvation by military janta in Pakistan. He Also electrified 96% area and installed telephone exchanges in his constituency. Therefor he won the title of BUILDER OF CIRCLE BAKOT and BECON OF DEMOCRACY by nonalliened historians.
  • IN NATIONAL ASSEMBLY---Sardar Anyat-u-Rehman Abbasi was the First Parliamentarian of Circle Bakote/Lora who got granted from Ayubi Government in One Unit and established many primary, middle and high schools in both Circles. Upper Dewal Kohala Road and Gohrha Gali Lora Road were also constructed in 1964 and corpeted in 1968 by his efforts. He also inked the strategy of Sowar Gali Boi Road but not not came in to being.
  • IN INDIAN ESSEMBLY---Raja Irfan Qureshi son of Thekedar Amin Abbasi of Birote is member of Indian state Haryana Assembly.
  • IN TRANSPORT---Thekedar Amin Abbasi of Birote was the first owner of transport company named ALLIED NCGIRAGHDIN on his grandfather name and Raja Nazer of Julial, Mehmood Shah and his elder brother Ghulam Nabi Shah (father of Dr. Ilyas Shah) of Birote joined him as co-transporters with six busses enroute to Rawalpindi to Srinager from 1932 to April 1947.
  • IN MODERN EDUCATION---Vernicular Primary School Bakote was the oldest school with first student named SARDAR HASAN ALI KHAN of Boi in 1902, while first teasher of Circle Bakote was SYED MASOOM ALI SHAH (1882-1963) of Juleal Birote who running a mobile school in all important places time to time and educated people. The first batch of all government running school of Circle Bakote teachers was Masoom Shah students in 1902.
  • IN SPORTS....Yasir Hamid Qureshi first player of Pakistan National Cricket team who participated in international cricket with two test countries from Circle Bakote. His family migrated to Peshawer in 1965 but other family members of his grand father is living in Kukmang Union Council of Circle Bakote. Right handed hillian player of Circle Bakote born on February 28, 1978 and got his education from Peshawer and joined Peshawer Cricket Association in 2000. He first time played Pakistan v Bangladesh at Karachi in August 20 to 24 2003
  • IN IT, FINANCE & OVERSEAS PAKISTANI....Shahid Akram Abbasi born in 19-11-1969 in Supply Banda Dilzak is the first person of Dhound Abbasi (Paharlaal) who wrote two Books over Computer Science for school Goining Students during 1999. He is also first MBA Finance of his tribe from Peshawar University and also a prominent White color Overseas Pakistani working in Gulf with Royal Family as Financial Controller. He is fan of Journalism and running his group on yahoo "greatest Pakistan". He is doing great job of Exports for Pakistan whereas he got many shields and Certificates of his extra ordinary Professional Performance against boosting up the Int'l Exhibitions and Exports. He is first Pakistani (among SAARC) who ever is working in Gulf, Middle East as an Int'l Exhibitions Specialist.
  • IN ENGINEERING.....Anwer Saeed Abbasi s/o Fazil Khan of Basian was the first foreign qualified architect engineer of Circle bakote who designed Shaheed-e-Millat Secretariat, Blue Area Islamabad. He also designed Facto Building Islamabad. He got heart attack and died in 2005 and buried in Basian. He was elder brother of Zakir Abbasi, ex chairman of All Teacher Association Circle Bakote.
  • IN CRICKET.....first time cricket was started in circle bakote by Almaas abbasi of BAKOTE The contractor Gulfraz of Basian started Cricket first time in Circle Bakote he was living in England and he came to circle bakot with this game in 1967.BAKOTE team remained winner for many years in all circle and muree and azad kashmir. First captain of team was Saeer ur rahman abbasi at that time he was the first lectures from BAKOT at inter college muzzafar abad later on unfortunately he was murdered he was brother of sardar hafeez ur rahman and sardar najeeb ur rahman abbasi.famous cricketrs from BAKOTE is Tassaduk hussain abbasi, Shoaib ashgar abbasi(late), Shokat arbab abbasi, Haseeb asghar abbasi, Zahoor abbasi, Mahtab anjum abbasi, Arshad habib Abbasi, Waheed akram abbasi, Basharat ali khan, Arshad asghar abbasi were the best and famous players of their time.
  • IN ELECTRICITY USAGE.....Electricity has used in Basian Central Masque in 1979 without matter.
  • IN MEDICAL......Dr. Zafeer Chodri of Khan Kalan is first MBBS Dr. from Circle Bakote and first DHO of District Abbotabad in 1996. Anzaar abbasi from bakote was the first pharmasist degree holder from gomal university di khan, now he is guzzated officer in ayub medical complex abbottabad, his elder brother DR Ansaar ur rahman abbasi got MBBS degree from ayub medical college abbottabad now serving in saudia Arabia. First MBBS Dr. from Birote is Ilyas Shah who awarded Medical Degree in 1980 from Chandka Medical College Jamshoro Sindh.
  • IN POLITICAL PUNISHMENT.....MAGHFOOR UR RAHMAN ABBASI of BAKOTE was famous leader of PIA union and was arrested in 1977 and along him Tariq aziz and abdul hafeez pirzada were also kept in the same cell he also lost his job. Sultan mehmood abbasi of KHUSHI kot UC Pluck was the first student leader of PSF in H-9 college Islamabad, he was arrested in 1980 for protesting against ZIaulhaq. Zafir Shah of Lower Basian was the first person who was punished in Zia era in Rawalpindi in 1980. His all property was seized and got 30 month imprisonment. He recovered his property and other assets in 1994 during Banezir Bhuto government.
  • IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY USAGE...Teacher of Kahu Sharqi, UC Birote Mohammed Reaz provides the internet facility to earthquake effects @ Rs. 20 for those who search their names in website [27] and not find their names in website , but those names are display on screen are charging Rs. 100/= to them. He said that it is cheapest than visit to Abbottabad two ways. It is worth mentioned that ERRA official and lack of information to earthquake effects disturbed them and no one help them in this regard. People of UC Birote are paying happily to Teacher Mohammed Reaz. He is earning more than Rs. 1,000/= daily to people. This is first time in UC Birote a private internet facility providing to public in the first week of Jan. 2007.
  • THE OLDEST PERSONS.....Mohammed Khuda Bakhsh of Mohalla Thathi of Birote who participated in World War One during 1914-18. He is grand grand fathr of teacher Shokat Awan and grand father-in-law of Zahoor carpenter of Birote. He died in 1996 in age of 128 years. The oldest women was Afret Jan, grand mother of Breg. (R) Musaddiq Abbasi and mother of prominent leagure of Circle Bakote Sadiq Abbasi, who died after fullfilment of one hundrad years in 1978 in Birote. Another oldest women of Birote Munsif Jan (Nickname Pairho) died in age of 110 years on 21 January 2007. She married Akbar Khan of Faqiraal Dhond Abbasi sub tribe of Tangan, Kahoo Sharqi in 1921 and widdowed in 1951.


THE OTHER RELATED WEBSITES


(Biography of Mohammad Obaidullah Alvi)

http://www.alvibirotvi.zoomshare.com/

(Alvi Awan tribe of Birote)

http://www.kohsar.zoomshare.com/

(History of Circle Bakote)

http://www.birote.zoomshare.com/

(Language of Kohsar)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhundi-Kairali_language

(CIRCLE BAKOTE & GALYAT UNION OF JOURNALISTS)

http://circlebakote.zoomshare.com/

History of Journalism in Circle Bakote

http://circlebakote.zoomshare.com/

(Journalism in Circle Bakote and Murree)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Journalism_in_Circle_Bakote_and_Murree

(Hazrat Pir Faqirullah Bakoti Usmani)

http://www.pirbakoti.zoomshare.com/

(BLOGS WRITEN BY Mohammad Obaidullah Alvi)

http://www.blogger.com/home


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